What Tests Are Done On Serum?

What are normal blood panels?

Normal results for a basic metabolic panelTestNormal range (adults 18-60 years old)glucose70-99 mg/dLalbumin3.4-5.4 g/dL (grams per deciliter of blood)CO2 (carbon dioxide or bicarbonate)23-29 mEq/L (milliequivalent units per liter of blood)Ca+ (calcium)8.6-10.2 mg/dL5 more rows.

What is the difference between serum plasma and whole blood?

Plasma and Serum. Plasma differs from whole blood in that the cellular material has been removed by centrifugation. Plasma is typically about 55% of the blood volume. … Serum is similar to plasma, except that the blood is drawn into a collection tube without anti-coagulant and allowed to clot for about 20 minutes.

What are 4 functions of plasma?

Plasma carries water, salts and enzymes. The main role of plasma is to take nutrients, hormones, and proteins to the parts of the body that need it. Cells also put their waste products into the plasma.

What does serum level mean?

Serum blood level describes the amount of a given medication present in your blood at the time of testing. Many medications used to treat bipolar disorder have what is known as a small “therapeutic window” meaning the difference between a therapeutic level and toxic level can be small in some individuals.

What is normal blood serum?

Total serum iron: 65-180 µg/dL (men), 30-170 µg/dL (women) Transferrin: 200-350 mg/dL. Urea: 1.2-3 mmol/L. Uric acid: 0.18-0.48 mmol/L.

What is serum used for?

Serum is a skincare product that contains powerful ingredients and can be applied to your skin directly. They are applied after cleansing and before moisturizing. Face serums are used to target skin concerns such as: Anti-aging.

What tests are done in routine blood work?

Common Lab TestsComplete Blood Count. This test, also known as a CBC, is the most common blood test performed. … Prothrombin Time. Also known as PT and Pro Time, this test measures how long it takes blood to clot. … Basic Metabolic Panel. … Comprehensive Metabolic Panel. … Lipid Panel. … Liver Panel. … Thyroid Stimulating Hormone. … Hemoglobin A1C.More items…

What are normal values?

n. A set of laboratory test values used to characterize apparently healthy individuals, now replaced by reference values.

What does a full blood test show?

Full blood count (FBC) This is a test to check the types and numbers of cells in your blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. This can help give an indication of your general health, as well as provide important clues about certain health problems you may have.

What indicates infection in a blood test?

An increased white blood cell (WBC) count (or in some cases a decreased WBC count) may indicate infection. Complement. Levels of C3 may be increased. A urine or sputum culture may be positive, indicating a possible source of infection that may have spread to the blood.

What is the function of serum?

The human serum is a circulating carrier of exogenous and endogenous liquids in the blood. It allows substances to stick to the molecules within the serum and be buried within it. Human serum thus helps in the transportation of fatty acids and thyroid hormones which act on most of the cells found in the body.

What is a serum blood test for?

A total serum protein test measures the total amount of protein in the blood. It also measures the amounts of two major groups of proteins in the blood: albumin and globulin. Albumin is made mainly in the liver. It helps keep the blood from leaking out of blood vessels.

What tests are done on plasma?

Plasma protein tests are blood tests that detect the amount of proteins in the blood. This lab work is usually ordered as part of a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) during a physical exam. The tests can help your doctor determine your overall health. Plasma protein tests are also known as a total protein test.

What do standard blood tests show?

Specifically, blood tests can help doctors: Evaluate how well organs—such as the kidneys, liver, thyroid, and heart—are working. Diagnose diseases and conditions such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, anemia (uh-NEE-me-eh), and coronary heart disease.

What is difference between plasma and serum?

A key difference between plasma and serum is that plasma is liquid, and serum is fluid. … Serum is mostly used for blood typing but is also used for diagnostic testing. Plasma, on the other hand, is mostly used for blood-clotting related problems.

Why do you get paid for plasma but not blood?

Plasma donation — in which blood is drawn, plasma separated out, and then blood cells and other components put back into you — is often compensated. … The reason is that plasma collected this way never goes straight into another person. It’s broken into many different protein products that will become pharmaceuticals.

What do lab tests test for?

What are lab tests? Laboratory tests are medical devices that are intended for use on samples of blood, urine, or other tissues or substances taken from the body to help diagnose disease or other conditions.

What is normal blood work results?

Important components measured by this test include red blood cell count, hemoglobin, and hematocrit….1. Complete blood count.ComponentNormal rangehemoglobinmen: 13.5–17.5 grams/deciliter (g/dL); women: 12.0–15.5 g/dLhematocritmen: 38.8–50.0 percent; women: 34.9–44.5 percent3 more rows